Scots dumpy
By A.G
They lay white tinted eggs. They lay large eggs. The colors are black, silver grey, cuckoo, dark.
They are pretty good in all climates. They are a large breed. Their comb type is single. Their brooding is
average. They are docile. They are dual purpose. They are endangered. They are good egg
producers.
Citations:https://www.starmilling.com/poultry-chicken-breeds.php 
https://www.roysfarm.com/scots-dumpy-chicken/ http://www.raising-
chickens.org/Scots-Dumpy-Chicken.html

La fleche
By A.G
The amount of eggs they lay per week is 3. The size of egg that the La fleche lays is large. The color that
their eggs are is white. They are not cold hardy. They are heat hardy. They bear confinement well. They
are not docile. They are wild untamed chickens. They like sitting in trees. They have a V comb. Their
nickname is devil bird because of their V comb. They lay 150-180 tinted eggs a year ( the color is tinted
not the egg inside ). They are dual purpose.
Citations: https://www.mypetchicken.com/chicken-breeds/La-Fleche-B60.aspx
https://poultrykeeper.com/chicken-breeds/la-fleche-chickens/
http://afs.okstate.edu/breeds/poultry/chickens/lafleche/index.html

Orpington duck
By A.G



They can lay around 200 sometimes more a year. They are good for a garden or a smallholding. The females do sometimes go broody. They are a dual purpose bird so they can be used
for eggs and meat. Some of their colors are extinct. It is a large bird.

Citations:https://poultrykeeper.com/duck-breeds/orpington-ducks/ https://www.roysfarm.com/orpington-
duck/ http://www.domestic-waterfowl.co.uk/orpington.html

Silkworm ( and moth)
By A.G
The silkworm ( Bombyx mori ) is used for making silk. They are used because they make their cocoons are made out of a special material that is thin warm strong and water proof because of this the domestic breed ( bombyx mori ) was bred to have theese traits. The wild breed Bombyx mandarania do still exist and are not extinct which if not for you was at least for me was a big relief. The process of making silk is
1. Hatching the eggs
2. feeding the larva mulberry ( best is white)
3. When they make cocoons boiling most of them
4 Weaving the silk into thread which can then be made into cloth,
The silk worm is not a worm but a caterpillar that later hatches into the silk moth. During domestication the domestic silkworm lost their sight, flight, pigments, and lifespan. They were selectivity bred just to reproduce. It takes them 14 days to hatch into larva it takes about 1 month for them to be ready to make the cocoon in this time they well have molted 4 times they will spend 3 days wrapping their cocoon around themselves but if the threads get disturbed they will have to start over again, the silk is atually their spit but hardened, they have a spinneret in their mouth. They spend 3 weeks in their cocoon be fore hatching if their lucky. The cocoons cant be harvested for silk after they hatch because in order to do so they spit a special spit that dissolves the silk.
Citations https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombyx_mori https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silkworm
http://cocoon.org/silkworm-cocoon/

Bananas
by A.G

Why you should eat bananas. They are high in many things that you need to be healthy ( chart taken from
https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/11-proven-benefits-of-bananas#section1 )
Potassium: 9% of the RDI
• Vitamin B6: 33% of the RDI
• Vitamin C: 11% of the RDI
• Magnesium: 8% of the RDI
• Copper: 10% of the RDI
• Manganese: 14% of the RDI
• Net carbs: 24 grams
• Fiber: 3.1 grams
• Protein: 1.3 grams
• Fat: 0.4 grams
They each only have about 105 calories ( medium bananas) . They contain nutrients that moderate blood
sugar levels. After meals they moderate their blood sugar by slowly emptying their stomach.
 Bananas
have few calories and are very nutritious unripe bananas are starchy they have a resistant starch and are
very filling. They are good for heart health many people dint get enough potassium but bananas are high
in them and potassium is essential for your heart. They also contain a good amount of magnesium which
is also very important for the heart. The dopamine in bananas acts as an antioxidant it doesn't cross the
blood barrier it just acts as an antioxidant and doesn't change your hormones or your mood or act as a feel
good chemical. Insulin resistance its a major risk for many of the most dangerous diseases in the world (
which includes type 2 diabetes) bananas might help or rather the unripe ones may help 15-30 grams of
their resistance starch per day just might improve insulin resistance by 33-50% not all studies agree on
this result. Bananas have potassium which is important for the control of blood pressure and for healthy
kidney functions, there are various studies with good results for this. They are good foe exercise they
have good mineral content and easy to digest carbs. They are good in many dishes and easy to buy.
Citations:https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/11-proven-benefits-of-bananas#section11

Cubalaya
By A.G


They are a chicken breed. The amount of eggs they lay a week is 4. . The color of eggs that they lay is
cream tinted. The size of eggs that they lay are medium sized eggs. The place that they originated is cuba.
The males of this chicken breed are aggressive to the other males of this or other breeds. They are hardy
in winter or at other cold times. They are not hardy in summer or other hot times. They have a bunch of
color official and unofficial there are to many to list. Their are rare bantam versions.
Citations: https://www.mypetchicken.com/chicken-breeds/Cubalaya-B42.aspx
http://afs.okstate.edu/breeds/poultry/chickens/cubalaya/index.html
https://www.purelypoultry.com/cubalaya-bantams-p-413.html

Turken ( again)
by A.G

Also called Naked neck and less commonly Transylvanian Naked neck
This well be more on their history and them being bred. They were bred in Transylvania which is in
Romania. They are not a cross between a chicken and a turkey they are pure 100% chicken. Recently
Scottish researches discovered that they aren't just a simple mutation but an imbalance of acid because of
this you can take a chicken embryo that hasn't been in or near Transylvania or a turken and inject the
embryo with the overproduced liquid and instead of having neck feathers that the mother and father had you'll have
a turken. They had a naked neck for easier killing and plucking. They are however a dual purpose breed.
Turken roosters have been known to protect hens with their lives and treat the hens great and be friendly
to humans. Turken hens are great moms. Different sources say different things about it some claim
turkens were bred in Germany, most claim variations of them being bred mostly in Transylvania and some
in Germany. Despite being bred for meat and having great egg qualitys most people keep turkens as pets
for their friendly attitudes cute faces and just how easily they get along with people. Turkens are a great
example on how not all chickens in a breed have the same temperament ( although it is still more likely to
get a chicken with the breed temperament)

Citations :https://antifragilechicken.wordpress.com/2015/08/31/transylvanian-naked-necks-have-history-
more-enthralling-than-the-legend/ ( This also talks about the persons turkens which I used to gather the

info on turken behavior with mixed behavior from my turken when I had them)
https://www.thehappychickencoop.com/naked-neck-chicken/

Swedish flower hen
By A.G
As a hen matures the eggs she lays get bigger. They lay 150-200 a year. They lay light beige eggs. If they are allowed to they are great moms. The chickens mature quickly and can live for 10 years. They are called flower hen due to their patterns. Some have a small coif on their heads. They are dual purpose birds and are hardy birds.  They have many different colors and patterns some are black and white, there are many different looks they can have no two of
them are the same. They are the largest breed of chickensknown to Sweden.
Citations: https://greenfirefarms.com/swedish_flower_hen.html
https://www.thehappychickencoop.com/swedish-flower-hen/ https://www.swedishflowerchickens.com/

Rhode island red
By A.G

The Rhode island red is one of the most popular chicken breeds. Their are two types of RIRss ( Rhode island reds) Production and heritage. The production will lay more with 250-300 eggs per year but often have vent and strain related problems and can get a stuck egg and die at 3 years. The Heritage don't lay as much as the production. They lay 150-250 eggs per year but lay eggs longer and don't get as many vent problems. RIRs aren't very laid back and are known to dominate shyer breeds. RIRs aren't very friendly to other chickens but extremely docile to humans. RIRs are great fighters ( my RIR hen beat three other hens in a free for all two of them were very angry mixed bantams one was a very mean barred rock). RIRs have been around for 100 or so years. They are a dark red color, they may have black on tail or wings this is called “ smutty “ and show birds would get points docked for this. RIRs are very good in mixs. They can be noisey sometimes espiically their “loud and proud” egg cluck.
Citations: https://www.chickensandmore.com/rhode-island-red/  https://morningchores.com/rhode-island-red-chickens/

Sicilian buttercup


by A.G
they are a chicken breed. They lay 2 eggs a week. They lay small eggs. They lay white eggs. They have a
buttercup comb. They are not cold hardy. They are heat hardy. They hate confinement. They are not
docile. They are not broody. They are active. Their color is gold. No other chicken has their exact color
pattern. They females are the more beautiful of them. They were developed in Sicilly . The roosters are
red. It is great for a barnyard fowl or a show fowl. Their are several different colors of these chickens in
Sicilly.
Citations: https://www.feathersite.com/Poultry/CGA/BCup/BRKButtercup.html
https://www.mypetchicken.com/chicken-breeds/Sicilian-Buttercup-B20.aspx

https://www.americanbuttercupclub.org/about-the-breed.html https://www.cacklehatchery.com/sicilian-
buttercup.html


unable to locate open source image

Midget white turkey
By A.G



They lay 60-80 eggs per year. Unlike most turkeys the midget white turkey is small. Turkeys. They are a bit bigger than the biggest chickens. They were bred from broad breasted white and royal palm to create a broad breasted white but smaller. They are known for their flavor which is deep and delicious. They are also great nurturing moms. They aren't a very popular breed of turkey.



Citations:
https://morningchores.com/midget-white-turkeys/
https://www.motherearthnews.com/homesteading-and-livestock/raising-turkeys/midget-white-turkey-
zmgz13fmzsto https://www.roysfarm.com/midget-white-turkey/

Indian runner duck
By A.G
They lay 200 eggs a year. Their uses are eggs and pest control. They did not originate in India but in the
Indies. The colors they are that I know are:
1 white
2 fawn
3 black
4 blue
5 chocolate
6 fawn and white
7 Saxony
8 silver
9 mallard.
As some examples the welsh harlequin, the khaki Campbell and the Abacot ranger. They are light breeds
that were bred with help from the Indian runner duck. A few organic vineyards use them to eat slugs and
other pests so they wont have to use chemicals. To begin they need a garden area so in unfamiliar territory
they don't run off. They don't wattle like their name says they run. Whne they are relaxed they are flat but
when they want to move at quick speeds they stand up. They are not a broody type of duck even though
they lays so many eggs a year. For several centuries in Asia they would be let out into rice fields to pick
up pests and spilled rice ( I don't know if they do that anymore I apologize for not being able to find out )
Citations: https://poultrykeeper.com/duck-breeds/indian-runner-ducks/

http://ashtonwaterfowl.net/indian_runners.htm https://backyardpoultry.iamcountryside.com/poultry-
101/tips-for-raising-runner-ducks/

Bresse
by A,G


They are a french meat bird. the ones in America are American bresse’s. Their colors that I know of are:


1 white
2 gray
3 blue
4 black

This breed is 500 years old.
They originated in France.
In the winter holidays breesse meat can be bought for over 100$ a chicken.
Because of their unique flavor they aren't commonly eaten with strong tasting ingredients.
They are specially raised for the best flavor. They have blue legs. They are a gorgeous bird. The breese
is considered the most delicious bird in the world. Their genetic alienage makes them digest their food differently witch is why they have a different taste from regular chickens it’s why they have their growth pattern and how they get their fat.

Citations: http://www.raising-chickens.org/bresse-chicken.html
https://www.thehappychickencoop.com/bresse-chicken/

Hook bill duck
By A.G

Start ( egg facts )
They lay 100-200 eggs a year. They lay blue eggs. They lay large eggs. They do go broody.

Colors

Dusky mallard
White bibbed dusky mallard
White


Temperament 

They are very easy to tame. They are very quiet.





How common

They are rare in Europe and the U.S. There are estimated 250-400 breeding hook bills left.



How old

They are the oldest domestic waterfowl with a history of more than 400 years.



Other facts

They are good in all climates.

They are strong and good fliers.

They are good foragers.

They would fly off get their own food and return to their keepers in the evening.  

Citations: https://www.roysfarm.com/hook-bill-duck/   https://poultrykeeper.com/duck-breeds/hook-bill-ducks/   

Dutch bantam

by A.G


They are a chicken breed. They lay 2 eggs a week. They lay light brown eggs. They lay tiny eggs. They
were liked by peasants because they were small enough the peasants could eat their eggs since all the
large eggs went to the lord. They are not cold hardy. They are not heat hardy. They bear confinement.
They are docile. They are broody. They are protective mothers. They are friendly nervous little birds.
They are common. Their are too many colors of them to list. They are true bantams. They are an old
breed. They originated in Holland. They are an old breed.
Citations: https://poultrykeeper.com/chicken-breeds/dutch-bantams/
https://www.mypetchicken.com/chicken-breeds/Dutch-Bantam-B142.aspx
http://www.feathersite.com/Poultry/CGD/Dutch/BRKDutch.html

Catalana
by A.G

The amount of eggs they lay a week is 3-4. The color of eggs they lay is cream or tinted. The size of eggs they lay is medium. They aren’t cold hardy. They tolerate heat well. The do not tolerate confinement. They are not docile. They are not broody. They are an active bird they love to forage for food. They are a common breed of chicken. They are a dual purpose bird. They are light and flighty birds. They have a average meat production. Farmers of these birds don't usually talk about their personality's. They usually avoid humans. They need a lot of space. They come from Catalonia a place in Spain. The locals in Catalonia call them prats and buff cats because they have a buff color.

Citaitions: https://chickenbreedslist.com/catalana/ https://www.roysfarm.com/catalana-chicken/ https://www.mypetchicken.com/chicken-breeds/Catalana-B26.aspx

Icelandic

By A.G







Icelandics are a chicken breed. They are good egg layer laying in winter as well. Their egg colors are white tinted or light beige. Despite being small chickens they lay large eggs. They are great foragers. They are very hardy. They can range all different combs feather colors and can even have crests on their heads, however they never have feathered legs or beards or even muffs or ear tufts. Their face patches are never red they can range from bright yellow to white. They are from iceland. They have varying personaltys and docile levels. Their uses are meat and eggs. Their status is threatened.

Citations: https://livestockconservancy.org/index.php/heritage/internal/icelandic

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Icelandic_chicken

Andaluisa
By A.G
They are a chicken breed. They lay 3 eggs a week. They lay white eggs. The egg size is large. Their
purpose is egg laying. They have white skin. They are rare. They are not cold hardy. They are heat
tolerant. They tolerate confinement. They are not docile. They are not broody. They are a small and active
bird. They are a Mediterranean bird. Their are 3 colors id them black, splash, blue. They lay 160-200
eggs a year. They are thought to have been crossed with the Spanish chicken giving them their white
earlobes.
Citations: https://www.mypetchicken.com/chicken-breeds/Andalusian-B15.aspx

http://afs.okstate.edu/breeds/poultry/chickens/andalusian/index.html https://poultrykeeper.com/chicken-
breeds/andalusian-chickens/