Mycorrhiza
by Farmer Leo

Mycorrhiza is a bond between a plant and a fungus. The fungus gives the plant minerals from the soil such as nitrogen and potassium. In return the plant gives the  the fungus glucose that the plant made though photosynthesis. This is good for both parties involved, because fungus is bad at making glucose on it’s own. And the plant needs less root to gather nutrients. So, the plants grow bigger and do better. But if the soil is to high in phosphor than the needed fungus might not be present because phosphors is bad for fungi. Bone meal is high in phosphor so you might want to steer clear of it. Also, inoculation might be a good idea. When you inoculate you take dormant fungus spores and add them to seeds so that the plant and fungus grow together. But they can be expensive and the have a limited shelf life.

Fennel
by Farmer Leo

The scientific name of fennel is Foeniculum vulgare.
Fennel grows to 8 feet tall.

How to grow
Choose a spot with full sun and fertile well drained soil. Around your last frost date in the spring directed sow the fennel seeds 10 to 12 inches apart.

How to cook
recipe:caramelized fennel
ingredients:
2 fennel bulbs
¼ cups olive oil
black pepper
salt
½ teaspoon lemon juice
Cut the top and bottom off the fennel bulbs as well as any tough or bruised spots.  Slice the bulbs to 1/8       inch thick. Fry with out crowding to brown them, cook until tender and serve.

Papaya
by Farmer Leo

The scientific name of papaya is Carica papaya.
Papayas grow from 16 to 33 feet tall.
In some parts of Asia the you leafs are steamed and eaten like spinach.

How to grow
Warning you need a frost free climate.  Start seedlings from a store bought papaya by cutting it open and planting multiple seeds in several pots. Keep seeds and seedlings in a warm spot with full sun by a window until the seedlings are about a foot tall.  Plant seedlings in a spot with full sun, and very fertile well drained soil.  Do not let there be standing water.

Hickory
by Farmer Leo

The scientific name of hickory is carya.
Hickory grows from 60 to 80 feet tall.
Hickory trees are normally 40 feet across the branches.

How to grow
Choose a spot with full sum and well drained soil.  Get a potted one that will do well in your area from your local nursery.  Dig a hole as deep as the root ball and twice as wide. Mix the soil you removed with organic matter and partially rotted manure, backfill until the hole is the shape of the root ball. Gentle lift the root ball out of the pot and set it in the hole. Pack loose dirt in any gaps, water well right after planting. keep the soil moist the first year. Do not plant next to road ways and drive ways.

Sunflower
by Farmer Leo

The scientific name of sun flower is Helianthus.
Sunflowers can grow up to 120 inches tall.

How to grow
Pick a spot that has full sun and fertile well drained soil, and does not have grass you want to keep. Plant at different spacing based on size of verity. Water when soil is dry.

How to cook
Ingredients
4 cups coarsely chopped fresh basil
1 cup raw shelled sunflower seeds
½ cup olive oil
1 cup Parmesan cheese
2 cloves crushed garlic
Put the basil, sunflower seeds, oil, cheese, and garlic in a blender on puree until fine.

Butter nut
by Farmer Leo

The scientific name of butter nut is Juglans cinerea.
The butter tree nut grows to 60 feet tall, but it can occasionally grow to 130 feet tall.
The stem of the butter nut tree is normally 16 to 30 inches across.
The butter nut tree rarely lives to more than 75 years of age.
The leaves of the butter nut tree are 2-4 inches long.
The butter nut tree has separate male and female flowers.
The butter nut tree flowers from April to June.

How to grow
Butter nuts are very susceptible to butter nut canker, so if you live within the natural area of the butter nut tree you probable should not grow it because of the canker.
If you can not find the butter nut tree at your local nursery you might have to order it on line. Once you have a young potted butter nut tree that should do well in your area you should pick a site. The preferable site has full sun and fertile well drained soil. Dig a hole the depth of the root ball and about twice as wide. Mix the soil from the hole with well rotted organic matter. Back fill the hole until it is the size of the root ball. Gentle lift the root ball out of the pot and set it in the hole. Pack loose dirt in any gaps, water it in well. Make sure it gets about an inch of water a week. If the leaves look pale or small get a soil test and if necessary fertilize based on the results.

How to cook
recipe:maple cake
ingredients

½ cup butter

½ cup sugar

½ cup maple syrup

1 teaspoon vanilla

2 eggs well beaten

1 ¾ cups flour

2 ½ teaspoons baking powder

¼ cup milk

½ cup chopped butter nuts

Butter a 9 inch cake pan, and preheat the oven to 375. Warm the butter to room temperature, mix the butter well adding the sugar until well combined. Add the maple syrup gradually mixing throughly the whole time. Add the vanilla and eggs, mix throughly to combine. Add the flour, salt, and baking power, then mix but only until the flour is blended. Stir in the nuts and pour in the pan. Bake in the 375F oven for 25 minutes.

While the cake is baking make the frosting.

Ingredients

½ cup maple syrup

2 cups confectioner’s sugar

1 table spoon butter

Boil syrup for one minute, remove from heat and stir in the butter and sugar. Once cool and the cake is cool frost the cake.

Mango
by Farmer Leo

Mango trees grow from 115 to 131 feet tall.
There are some mango trees that are older than 300 years that still produce.

How to grow
Warning mangoes should not be grown were temperatures will get below 40F.  Choose a spot with well drained soil full sun and a frost barrier. From your local nursery buy a potted mango. In the spot you picked dig a hole twice as wide and deep as the root ball mix some of the dirt from the hole with well rotted organic matter and back fill until the hole is the right size. Gentle set the root ball in the hole after removing it from the pot. Make sure to water well until it is established.


unable to locate open source image