by Farmer Leo

The word broccoli comes from the Italian plural of broccolo ( meaning the flowering crest of cabbage).
Broccoli originated in Italy more than 2000 years ago.
Broccoli and cauliflower are two cultivar groups of the same genus.
Romanesco broccoli is actually a cauliflower.
When taking production surveys of broccoli, broccoli and cauliflower are combine in to one category.
Broccoli is from the family brassica all of witch are decedents of black mustard.

How to grow

Choose a sunny spot sheltered from the wind with fertile well drained soil, plant seeds ½ to ¾ deep in mid spring to early summer, plant in groups of 2 or 3 seeds about 12 inches apart in rows 12 to 18 inches apart, plant seeds in stages so that they don't all mature at once, water frequently during summer reduce watering in colder weather, add mulch to help retain moisture, remove weeds as they emerge, remove the weaker seedlings from each cluster, if needed protect from birds using screen, mesh, or net, check daily for cabbage loopers remove when spotted, harvest when heads are 4 to 6 inches across but before the flowers open, the same with the side shoots except 1 to 2 inches instead of 4 to 6, don't plant brassicas in the same place to years in a row.

How to cook

recipe broccoli tofu kebab

servings 4


  • ¼ cups olive oil and some more for the grill
  • 14 ounces of extra firm tofu drain and cut into 1 inch pieces
  • 2 lemons cut into wedges
  • 2 tablespoons lemon juice
  • ½ teaspoons red crushed peppers
  • three cups broccoli florets
  • ½ small red onion cut into one inch pieces

Clean the grill grate with a wire brush, heat grill to medium, oil grill grate before using, soak 8 skewers in water for 15 minutes, toss tofu, lemon juice, and red pepper in a bowl and marinade for 15 or more minutes, add the broccoli, lemon wedges, and onion to the tofu and toss to combine, thread onto skewers, grill turn occasionally, grill until broccoli is tender.


by Farmer Leo

Corn was cultivated throughout the Americas by about 3000 years ago. Corn was first domesticated about 9000 years ago.

We do not need to use GMO to get the plants we want, why do I say because several thousand years ago were Mexico is Indians took a corn that cold only grow one ear of corn that was 1 inch long and bred it so that it grew several several inch long ears of corn.

In many languages corn will refer to any cereal, but in new Zealand, north America, and Canada it refers to maize.

Baby corn is corn that is harvested early to make it small, tender, and sweet.

Some natural strains can grow to 40 feet tall, most cultivated verities grow to 10 feet tall.

How to grow

sweet corn

choose a verity of sweet corn that dose well in your area, choose a spot with well drained soil and full sun, make sure that the soil is 55°F for standard verities and 65 for super sweet the optimal temperature is 95°F, plant the seeds 1 to 2 inches deep with 6 to 8 inches between, plant in a block formation of at least four rows, keep soil moist 6 inches deep and make sure that it gets at least one inch of water a week, remove any weeds and if it is showing sights of malnutrition add manure, when you pierce a kernel if there is a milky white fluid it is ready with a strong pull down and a twist remove ear.

How to cook

recipe polenta bead

servings 6


  • 1 cup flower
  • 1 cup polenta
  • 3 teaspoons baking powder
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • 1 cup milk
  • ¼ cups cooking oil
  • 1 beaten egg

preheat oven to 425°F, place all ingredients in mixing bowl and blend, pour into 8 inch square pan and bake 20 to 25 minutes or until brown. Recipe from golden pheasant polenta.

by Farmer Leo

The scientific name of parsley is petroselinum crispum.
Parsley is native to central Mediterranean.
Parsley is a biannual.
Wild life feeds on parsley, swallow tail butter fly larva eat the vegetation, bees and other pollinators pollinate it (of course), and finch eat the seeds.
Root parsley looks almost identical to parsnip.
Rose and parsley are some times used as companion plants.
Parsley is mentioned in one Simon and Garfunkel's songs, the name of the song is parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme.

How to grow:

soak seeds for one hour in one cup warm water, well your waiting for the seeds to soak fill a planting pot 2 inches from the top with organic soil, remove the seeds from the water, plant ½ inches deep, plant 4 to 6 seeds per pot, lightly water with warm water, set the pot in a window were it will get at lest 5 hours direct sun light, when the sprout thin so that they are 4 inches apart, were you are going to plant mix in organic mater and bone meal, when they are 3 inches tall, without damaging the roots, transplant to were you prepared, with some of the original soil remaining on the roots, without over watering water on a regular bases.

How to cook
recipe: potato salad with bacon and parsley

  • 1/12 pounds small red potatoes
  • salt and pepper
  • 4 slices bacon
  • 3 table spoons olive oil
  • 2 table spoons red wine vinegar
  • 1 cup fresh parsley cut ruff

put potatoes in a pot with enough water to cover and 1 teaspoon salt, simmer until tender, drain then run under cold water until cool, cut into quarters, cook bacon in skillet over medium-high heat until crisp, move from pan and crumble when cool, in a large bowl whisk together the olive oil, vinegar, ¾ teaspoons salt, ¼ teaspoons pepper, toss with potatoes, bacon, and parsley.

by Farmer Leo

The scientific name of clover is trifolium translating to three leave.

Clover can have 3, 4, 5, or even 6 leaves, but it is rare for there to be more than 4 are least common, and they are thought to bring good luck, the record for the the number of leaves is 56.

clover and alfalfa are two genus's of the same family.

There are 245 recognized species of clover.

Clover helps replenish soil, but it will decline without proper pollination, beekeepers love using clover for bees, so they run bees on clover fields, the farmers are happy to do it because the yield of clover for next year increases (because when the bees pollinate the clover the clover will reseed heavily increasing the crop) so it is a win win.

How to grow

red clover

chose a verity that does well in your area, rake the soil so that the clover seeds makes good contact, gently sow the red clover seeds, sow two to eight ounces for 1000 square feet, rake soil to cover seeds, water the lightly but thoroughly to moisten the soil evenly, water morning and evening until it germinates then only water when in drought and only enough to saturate the soil evenly, when it flowers remove if you want to make jelly them into jelly.

How to cook

recipe red clover jelly

clover infusion ingredients

4 cups boil water

4 cups red clover flowers ( it is okay if there is some foliage)

place clover in a glass or stainless steel container pour the boiling water in and let step over night, strain out flowers and dispose of them.


4 cups infusion

8 table spoons lemon juice

2 packets powder pectin

8 cups sugar

add lemon juice to infusion, add pectin bring to a boil, stir frequently, add the sugar all at once bring to rolling boil, boil one minute, skim and pour into jelly jars, process as you would any other jelly.

Below is a picture.

by Farmer Leo

The scientific name of rouly is Varid ceoasd.
Rouly is native to the Galapagos, it can grow and produce at 40°F and can survive with some foliage at 20°F.
Rouly fruit are red, are about 5 pounds, and taste like a cross between pineapple and water melon. Rouly is very drought resistant. Rouly originated 3000 years ago. Rouly is rare, there are only 4 cultivars of rouly. Rouly is a perennial that lives an average of 10 years.

How to grow:

very few nursery's carry rouly so you will likely have to get them from on line. Choose a spot with well drained soil and full sun, dig hole large enough to fit the tuber plant 4 inches below the surface, water 2 times a week for the first two weeks then water only during drought. In the fall when the leaves turn brown harvest the fruit with a long pull the, store in cold dry place.

How to cook (servings 10)

1 large rouly fruit

take a big sharp knife, use the tip of the knife to pierce the thick shell, then cut in to first ½'s then ¼'s, carve out the flesh then dice(eat within 4 days of cutting).

April fools, I made up rouly.

Prickly pear cactus
by Farmer Leo

The scientific name of prickly pear cactus is opuntia.

Special insect is farmed in some kinds of prickly pear cactus, the insect is made into a red dye that is used in food coloring's, and cosmetics, the chemical that is in the bugs that are made into the dye is also in some kinds of prickly pear cactus.

Prickly pear cactus was considered for water petrifaction.

The fruit have large spines along with tine spines that are irritating to skin, eyes, mouth, and stomach, because of this they are peeled before eating.

How to grow

you can get a preexisting prickly pear cactus or clone one you already have so here are the care instructions. Mix equal parts peat moss, perlite, and coarse sand in a pot twice the with of the reach of the cactus, make sure the pot has drainage holes, keep inside when it is below 65°F take out side when it is the warm summer temperature and put it in a sunny spot, every month add non nitrogen fertilizer, add water when the first two inches of soil are dry, twist off pads to reduces size of house plant.

How to cook

recipe prickly pear cactus fruit salad

servings two


1 cactus fruit

8 fresh strawberry's

8 fresh green grapes

1 fresh orange cut into segments

1 teaspoon honey

¼ teaspoons ground cinnamon

wash the fruit, peel the cactus fruit, chop the cactus fruit, place the fruit in the bowl mix with clean hands, sprinkle on the honey and the cinnamon and serve.

by Farmer Leo

The genus that safflower is in is carthamus, the scientific name of safflower is carthmus tinctorius.
Safflower is native to Asia and Africa.
Safflower was first grown at least 3000 to 4000 years ago.
Safflower oil is used in oil paints because it does not yellow with age.
Safflower is from the same family as sunflowers.
Safflower flowers can be red, orange, yellow, and white.
Safflower flower petals are used to make a color of red called carthmin. Carthmin is used in makeup, and food coloring.

A study was preformed were patients that suffered from heart disease had animal fat in their diet replaced with safflower oil, and the patients were more more likely to die of all causes.

How to grow

choose a verity that does well in your area, choose a spot that has rich well drained soil and has full sun , right after the last frost rake soil gently, then sow and rake again, and keep the soil moist until the seeds germinate, moderate water to the growth start, keep the soil mildly moist during dry periods, flowers are harvest able from mid summer onward.

Tip safflower is drought hardy but not cold hardy.

How to cook

recipe safflower rice


1 cup rice

2 cups water

1 medium onion diced

3 carrots slide

1 tablespoon safflower oil

2 tablespoons dried safflower petals

salt and pepper to taste

in a medium sauce pot, mix oil and onion, then cook on medium heat until the onion is translucent, rinse rice and add to pot, cook with onions for 5 minutes, then add water carrots and safflower petals, bring to simmer and bring down to low, cover and cook for 20 minutes or until water is adsorbed.

Below is a nutritional chart and a picture.